floods involves three main types of activities:
- prevention (or mitigation): work before a flood
- response: activities during a flood event
- recovery: actions after a flood.
management aims to balance the competing objectives of managing floodplains for
human and environmental needs.
on floodplains for food and energy production, mining, transport and
recreation. On the other hand floodplains are important for their biodiversity
values. Connectivity between the river, fringing wetlands, floodplains and the
ocean is important for many fish species to complete their life cycles and for
nutrient exchange between habitats. Flooding can also deliver long-term
benefits to soils and therefore to agricultural production.
authorities, municipal councils, emergency services and flood-affected
communities are involved in the management of floods and floodplains.
- The Commonwealth Government is responsible for national flood management programs and flood forecasting.
- The Victorian Government develops and implements state flood policy, and contributes funding to national flood management programs
- Catchment management authorities and Melbourne Water develop and implement regional floodplain management strategies in consultation with local stakeholders and communities. They also provide flood advice to municipal councils and landholders.
- Municipal councils regulate development through their planning schemes, co-fund flood studies and often manage flood mitigation infrastructure.
- Landholders are accountable for flood management on their own properties. Local community knowledge and experience plays a key role in preparing for floods and reducing damage caused by floods
Management Manual Victoria provides a detailed description of the roles and
responsibilities of a large number of agencies involved in flood prevention,
response and recovery.
The main roles in terms of floodplain management are: